The Pharoahs of Egypt is the most successful national team in Africa، having won the Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) a record of seven times.
With its rich history in the biennial competition، Egypt will host the 32nd tourney and would boast of Liverpool's star player Mo Salah and captain of the Egyptian team، who won the UEFA Champions League in 20182019 season to stretch the AFCON wins to eight.
The Pharoahs of Egypt won the maiden edition in 1957 and defended it on home soil in 1959، as well as the 1986 edition، Burkina Faso in 1998، 2006 in Cairo، Egypt، Ghana in 2008 and Angola in 2010 edition.
Egypt has also been as high as ninth in the FIFA World Rankings، making the team one of only three African national teams to enter the world's top ten (the other two are Nigeria and Morocco).
Despite their respectable continental record، Egypt has so far made only three appearances in the World Cup (in 1934، 1990 and 2018). The Egyptian team was the first not from the Americas or Europe to qualify for the World Cup.
In their first game in the debut competition، which was a semi-final، Egypt faced Ethiopia، in which Egypt won 4–0، thus making them champions for the first time in the Africa Cup of Nations.
In their second participation in the1959 AFCON، Egypt became champions again. There were only three teams in that tournament، being Ethiopia، Sudan. Egypt again was undefeated.
In the 1962 AFCON، hosted in Ethiopia، Egypt faced the hosts Ethiopia، but they lost 4–2 during extra time، thus losing their first final in the AFCON.
Their fourth appearance came in 1963 in Ghana. Egypt was ranked second، behind Sudan by a goal difference. Egypt، as runners-up in Group B، participated in the 3rd place match، playing against Ethiopia، winning Ethiopia 3-0.
The Pharoahs qualified for the 1965 AFCON but withdrew because of their diplomatic relationship with Tunisia، who was hosts of the tournament. They again، absented themselves from 1968 AFCON which was hosted in Ethiopia.
In the 1970 Africa Cup of Nations، hosted in Sudan، Egypt was in Group B along with Ghana، Guinea، and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
For the 1972 Africa Cup of Nations، Egypt failed to qualify for the first time in this tournament after being eliminated by Morocco by an aggregate score of 5–3.
However، Egypt returned for the 1974 African Cup of Nations، in which they were hosts. In the group stage، Egypt was in Group A with Zambia، Uganda، and the Ivory Coast.
In the 1976 AFCON، in Ethiopia، Egypt was in Group A with the hosts Ethiopia، Guinea، and Uganda. The competition was one of the unsuccessful matches for them and again failed to qualify for the 1978 African Cup of Nations in Ghana.
Egypt reappeared for the 1980 African Cup of Nations in Nigeria. Egypt، Nigeria، the Ivory Coast، and Tanzania، were in Group A. Egypt lost to Morocco in the third place match.
Egypt withdrew during the qualifying campaign for the 1982 AFCON in Libya.
For the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations، Egypt returned. Egypt defeated Cameroon 1–0، Ivory Coast 1–2، but drew Togo 0–0 at the Group stage. Egypt advanced to the last four to face Nigeria. Egypt lost 7-8 to Nigeria in penalties، after drawing 2–2. Again، the Egyptian side lost 1-3 in the third placed match to Algeria.
Placing fourth in the last campaign، the story changed in the 1986 in Egypt، as it won the game 5–4 in penalties، after drawing 0–0، thus becoming champions for the third time.
Egypt was not as successful as they were in the 1988 edition. As the defending champions، Egypt failed to progress to the semi-finals.
In the 1990 tourney، it got worse. Egypt was paired in Group A، with Algeria، Nigeria، and Ivory Coast. Egypt lost all their group stage games، thus picking no point for the first time in the history of AFCON and failed again in 1992 in their AFCON campaign with no point recorded at the Group stage.
Going into the 1994 AFCON، Egypt was able to qualify to the knockout stage to face Mali where Egypt lost by a lone goal.
In the 1996 edition، hosted by South Africa، Egypt was placed in Group A with hosts، Cameroon، and Angola. It faced Zambia and lost 1-3. South Africa won their first title، and as hosts.
In the 1998 Africa Cup of Nations، Egypt won the tourney for the fourth time in Burkina Faso.
As defending champions in the 2000 Africa Cup of Nations، co-hosted by Ghana and Nigeria، Egypt was eliminated from the tournament، where Cameroon won their third title.
In 2002 in Mali، Egypt was placed in Group D with Senegal، Tunisia، and Zambia.
Egypt was eliminated and Cameroon won their fourth title on the second consecutive time.
Egypt qualified to the 2004 Africa Cup of Nations، which was hosted in Tunisia. Egypt was placed in Group C with Algeria، Zimbabwe، and Cameroon but it failed to qualify for the quarter-finals.
The 2006 Africa Cup of Nations in Egypt. The Pharoahs automatically qualified as hosts. They were in Group A with Libya، Morocco، and the Ivory Coast. Egypt claimed its fifth title، being the third title won as hosts and again won in 2008 in Ghana.
In the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations، in Angola، Egypt was in Group C with Nigeria، Benin، and Mozambique. Egypt won 1–0 against Ghana، with the goal scorer being Gedo. This led Egypt to their seventh title، win their third consecutive cup، and become the first nation to win three consecutive Africa Cup of Nations titles and becoming the most successful.
This marked Egypt's return to the competition after 7 years having missed out on the previous three editions، but lost an AFCON final، and for the first time lost a final to their rivals Cameroon.