"Most farmers complain about the lack of irrigation water throughout the country، Hussein Abu Saddam، chief of Farmers syndicate said. Farmers at the terminals of the canals suffer heavy losses because of the lack of access to their land. More than 50 percent of the farmers dug underground wells to irrigate their land. This affects the fertility of the soil due to the increase of salts in the groundwater as well as the increase in the burden because the lifting of water from the wells is using electricity or diesel despite their high prices. In spite of efforts of the ministries of Irrigation and Agriculture to facilitate the irrigation، these efforts are weak and do not solve the problem. Egypt's quota of Nile water is 55.5 billion cubic meters a year.