Tourists travel to Egypt to enjoy its millennia-old monuments which include Giza's colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor's hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital، Cairo، is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum، a trove of antiquities.
Skies of Luxor governorate witnessed today، Wednesday، 20 balloon rides carrying 400 tourists of various nationalities on board، who came to enjoy archaeological sites in the city of Luxor، after hours of delay due to bad weather and wind instability.
Noteworthy، Luxor is a city on the east bank of the Nile River in southern Egypt. It's on the site of ancient Thebes، the pharaohs’ capital at the height of their power، during the 16th–11th centuries B.C. Today's city surrounds 2 huge، surviving ancient monuments: graceful Luxor Temple and Karnak Temple، a mile north.
The royal tombs of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens are on the river’s west bank.
As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes، Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum"، as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite، across the River Nile، lie the monuments، temples and tombs of the West Bank Necropolis، which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens.
Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments، contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city.
The importance of the city started as early as the 11th Dynasty، when the town grew into a thriving city، by native nubi Egyptian، it was renowned for its high social status and luxury، but also as a center for wisdom، art، religious and political supremacy.
Montuhotep II who united Egypt after the troubles of the first intermediate period brought stability to the lands as the city grew in stature.
The Pharaohs of the New Kingdom in their expeditions to Kush، in today's northern Sudan، and to the lands of Canaan، Phoenicia and Syria saw the city accumulate great wealth and rose to prominence، even on a world scale.
Thebes played a major role in expelling the invading forces of the Hyksos from Upper Egypt، and from the time of the 18th Dynasty to the 20th Dynasty، the city had risen as the political، religious and military capital of Ancient Egypt.