October 12 is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 80 days remaining until the end of the year.
1915 Despite international protests، Edith Cavell، an English nurse in Belgium، is executed by Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners. 1943 The U.S. Fifth Army begins an assault crossing of the Volturno River in Italy. 1960 Inejiro Asanuma، leader of the Japan Socialist Party، is assassinated during a live TV broadcast. 1964 The USSR launches Voskhod I، the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew; it is also the first mission in which the crew does not wear space suits. 1970 President Richard Nixon announces the pullout of 40،000 more American troops in Vietnam by Christmas. 1971 The House of Representatives passes the Equal Rights Amendment 354-23. 1984 The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonates a bomb at the Grand Hotel in Brighton، England، in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; 5 people are killed and 31 wounded. 1999 Chief of Army Staff Pervez Musharraf seizes power in Pakistan through a bloodless military coup. 2000 Suicide bombers at Aden، Yemen، damage the USS Cole; 17 crew members are killed and over 35 are wounded. 2002 Terrorist bombers kill over 200 and wound over 300 more at the Sari Club in Kuta، Bali.
1944 Angela Rippon، first female journalist to present BBC national television news on a permanent basis.